Lighting is one of the key concepts that give your footage a professional look and prevents it from looking amateur. Here are few elements, rules and types of lighting essential for you to know:
- Every light has a colour temperature. Anything above 5000 Kelvin has a cool colour temperature and the light is bluish. Below, 5000 Kelvin, the light is warm and orange-ish.
- You can either have an open-faced lighting fixture or a Fresnal fixture.
- Few types of lights are:
- Halogen light is warm and has an orange colour temperature. It’s very bright and cheap but can get hot and dangerous.
- HMI lights have blue colour temperature. They are brighter than halogen lights and are efficient in energy. However, they are expensive.
- Fleuroscent lights have cool/warm colour temperature and cast very soft lighting but aren’t very strong.
- LED lights cast blue/warm temperature. They are bright but expensive.
- Three pointing lighting lights up a subject using three lights; two in front and one at the back.
- Foreground-background separation ensures depth. Light gets softer as the light source gets bigger.
You can learn few more basics about film lighting from this video: